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Sefer Daniel: Part 21 - Perek 11: Alexander The Great and His Kingdom
"And I, in the first year of Daryavesh, I stood up as a source of strength and power for him. And now I will tell you the truth. Behold! Another three kings will reign over Paras, and the fourth will become wealthy with greater wealth from all, and when he becomes strong with his wealth, he will incite all against the kingdom of Greece."
Gavriel continues to speak. Daryavesh had promised to grant Bnei Yisrael permission to rebuild the Beis Hamikdash, and Gavriel "strengthened" him by prompting him to actualize his promise through his son-in-law, Coresh.
"Another three kings" - The three kings are Coresh, Achashveirosh, and Daryavesh (of Paras). The mefarshim differ on the identity of the fourth king.
"And a powerful king will arise, and will rule with great dominion, and will do as he wants. After he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken, and be divided into four directions-but not to his posterity, and not as he ruled, for his kingdom will be uprooted, and for others beside him."
This is referring to Alexander Hamakdoni, whose quick path to great power seemed to know no bounds, but who died at the prime of his life. His malchus was not left to his children, and those who ruled after him did not retain his incredible powers.
"And the king of the south will become stronger. And one of his nobles will become more powerful than him and rule, and his rule will be greater than his rule."
Only two out of the four kings who ruled after Alexander became powerful. One of them was the king of the south, Ptolemy I, who was the king of Egypt, which is south of Eretz Yisrael. The second one was the king of the north, of Ashur and Bavel (Syria), Seleucus I, of the Antiochus clan, from who stemmed Antiochus Harasha.
"And one of his nobles will become more powerful than him and rule" - Seleucus was originally one of Ptolemy's nobles, but he eventually switched sides and opposed the south.
"And at the end of years, they will unite, and the daughter of the king of the south will come to the king of the north to do justice, but she will not hold back the strength of the arm, and he, and his arm will not endure. She will be given, and those who brought her, her governess, and he who supports her in the times."
The kings of the north and south battled each for other many years. Eventually, Antiochus II, the grandson of Seleucus I, made a peace agreement with Ptolemy II. Ptolemy convinced Antiochus to divorce his wife, Laodice, with whom he had a son, and instead marry Ptolemy's daughter, Berenice. The son that would be born to them would be the heir to the united kingdom.
However, events did not work out as planned. Berenice gave birth a son, but her father, Ptolemy, died shortly afterwards. Ptolemy then returned to his first wife, Laodice. Laodice feared that Antiochus would adhere to his agreement with Ptolemy that his daughter's son would inherit the kingship. She poisoned her husband, and had Berenice, her son, and all her attendants from Mitzrayim murdered. Laodice's son, Seleucus II, was then free to inherit the kingship.
"A branch from her roots will arise on her foundation, and will come to the army, and will enter the fortress of the king of the north, and conquer them and hold them."
"A branch from her roots will arise on her foundation" - Berenice's brother, Ptolemy III, succeeded his father as the king of Egypt.
"Will come to the army..." - When Berenice realized that Laodice was plotting to kill her, she fled, with her enemies close on her heels. Her brother, Ptolemy, came with his army to aid her, but was too late to save her life. Her supporters joined Ptolemy and attacked the North in revenge and conquered parts of the Northern kingdom, including Eretz Yisrael. Ptolemy also had Laodice and her son Seleucus II killed.
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