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Sefer Daniel: Part 9 - Perek 5 con't: The End Of Belshatzar
"The queen, because of the words of the king and his officers entered the party room, and said to the king, "King, live forever, your thoughts should not frighten you, and your appearance should not change. There is a man in your kingdom in which the spirit of the Holy G-d is within him, and in the days of your father, light, intelligence, and wisdom, like the wisdom of Hashem was found in him..."
There is a difference of opinion whether the queen was the mother of the king, the wife of Nevuchadnetzer, or the mother of his mother. The queen calmed Belshatzar's fears, and Daniel was brought before the king as she suggested.
Daniel explained to Belshatzar that Nevuchadnetzer was punished because he become proud of his wealth and power, and had rebelled against Hashem. Eventually, after he was punished, Nevuchadetzer recognized the omnipotence of Hashem, and his heart became humbled.
"And you, his son Belshatzar did not humble your heart even though you knew all this. You exalted yourself above Hashem in Heaven, and the vessels of His house were brought before you...
Daniel chastised Belshatzar that as Nevuchadnetzer's grandson, he was surely aware of Nevuchadnetzer's punishment, and he should have drawn a lesson from it. However, not only did Belshatzar not humble his heart, he exalted himself over Heaven as if he had won over Hashem. He defiled the vessels of the Bais Hamikdash, and praised gods of gold and silver.
"This is the writing that was written, Menei, Menei, Tekal, Ufarsin. This is the interpretation: Menei- Hashem has counted your malchus, and ended it. Tekel - You were weighed on the scales, and you were found lacking.Perais -Your kingdom is broken and given to Madai and Paras."
Maneh was written twice because Hashem had calculated two calculations. Yirmayhu had said, "And these nations will serve the king of Bavel seventy years, and it will be at the end of seventy years, I will punish the king of Bavel" (Yirmayhu, 25/11), and it also says, "And all the nations will serve him, and his son, and his son's son" (Yirmayhu 25/27). According to the calculation of seventy years, the time of malchus Bavel had ended. However, the second calculation was dependent on Belshatzar. If he had been worthy to live longer, Hashem would have pushed off the destruction of Bavel due to Belshatzar's right to live and rule over Bavel. However, Belshatzar was found unworthy since he had rebelled against Hashem; Hashem used the first calculation, and the malchus of Bavel ended and was given to Paras and Madai.
"That night, Belshatzar, the king of the Chaldeans, was killed."
The decree was fulfilled immediately. That night, Belshatzar's own officers killed him, and Paras and Madai took advantage of the political chaos to attack and conquer Bavel.
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