The Jewish Eye
Sefer Ezra: Part 3 - Preparing For the Trip To Eretz Yisroel
"And the head of the families of Yehudah and Binyamin, and the Kohanim and Leviim arose - all whom Hashem had aroused to go up and to build the House of Hashem in Yerushalayim."
They were inspired to go up to Yerushalayim on their own, and only then did they receive assistance from Hashem. They were inspired in two ways - to ascend to Yerushalayim, which would require considerable effort on it own, and to rebuild the Beis Hamikdash when they arrived there.
"And all those surrounding them strengthened their hand with silver vessels, gold, valuables, animals, and costly goods, besides all that was donated."
The non-Jews provided financial assistance for the trip up to Yerushalayim as well as providing donations for the construction of the Beis Hamikdash.
"And King Coresh took out the vessels of the House of Hashem which Nevuchadnetzer had removed from Yerushalayim, and he put them in the temple of his gods. Coresh, the king of Paras had them removed by Misredus the treasurer, and he counted them to Sheshbatzar, the prince of Yehudah."
The vessels had been in a temple of avodah zara, and were not fit for use in the Beis Hamikdash. Therefore, Coresh removed them from the temple, and placed them in his treasury. This was an act of nullilification of the tumah contained within from its use with avodah zara. He removed them from the domain of avodah zara to his own domain, and then removed them from his domain through his treasurer.
Rashi says that the actions of Coresh were a fulfillment of the nevuah in Yirmiyahu (27: 21-22), "So said Hashem Tzvakos, the G-d of Israel, about the remaining vessels in the House of Hashem and in the house of the king of Yehudah and in Yerushalayim. They will be brought to Bavel, and they will be there until the day I remember them, the word of Hashem, and I will bring them up, and I will return them to this place."
"This was their number, thirty gold utensils, one thousand silver utensils, twenty-nine knives, thirty gold bowls, four hundred and ten less important silver bowls, and a thousand other vessels. All of the gold and silver vessels were five thousand four hundred. All were brought up by Sheshbazzar with the going up of the exile from Bavel to Yerushalayim."
In addition to returning the keilim which Nevuchadnetzer had taken, Coresh also donated additional vessels, and everything together equaled five thousand and four hundred.
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