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Rav Avrohom Azulai

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Rav Avrohom Azulai - The Sun Sets and The Sun Rises
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Rav Avrohom Azulai - Author Chesed L'Avrohom. Born in Fez, Morocco 5330/1570 and died in Chevron 24 Chshvan 5404/1643 at approximately 73 years old. His family traced itself back to exiles of the Spanish Inquistion. The gemara says that when a Tzaddik dies another Tzaddik is born to take his place. Interestingly Rav Avrohom was born the same year Rav Moshe Cordevero died, the greatest expounder of Kabala before the Arizal. Rav Avrohom was one of the Mekubalim of his generation.

In 1610 at the age of 40 he and family set out on their lifelong dream of going to Eretz Yisroel. After docking in Egypt a storm blew the boat out to see where it sunk. Although the whole family was already on land all their possessions were still in the boat and everything was lost including manuscripts of his works. Plagues and pestilence chased Rav Avrohom from his original settling place in Chevron first to Yerushalayim and then to Gaza. Finally he returned to Chevron where he lived the rest of his life.

He had two distinguisehed son in laws. Rav David Yitzchaki who was Rav of Yerushalyim and Rav Binyamin Zevi whose son was Rav of Chevron. His fifth generation descendant was the legendary Chida, Rav Chaim Yosef David Azulai.

He wrote a number of seforim on the Zohar and is most famous for his Kabalistic work after which he is known, the Chesed L'Avrohom. He also wrote a sefer on Tanach called Baalei Bris Avrohom.

The Tosfos Yom Tov died the same year as the Rav Avrohom Azulai and according to some so did the Maharam Shiff.

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