The Jewish Eye
Part 20 - Perek 25: Bildad - Hashem Constrains Himself To Nature, But Settles Scores In The Next World
Bildad now answers Iyov, and asserts that Hashem is mashgiach over mankind, and He justly rewards the tzaddik and punishes the rasha. However, the dictates of nature deter Him from rewarding and punishing immediately. For example, Hashem does not hold back rain if a tzaddik is then traveling on path, and will be inconvenienced by the rain. Sunlight, which benefits all of mankind, will also allow the rasha to murder and plunder. Darkness, which was designed to provide rest for the tired, will also allow the thief to steal into houses. There's no question that Hashem should change normal natural events, which are for the good of the klal, for one individual. However, Hashem will reward the tzaddik and punish the rasha in ways that do not require the manipulation of nature, whether in this world, or the next.
Therefore, the tzaddik will be afflicted with suffering if he is born under a mazal which ascribes to him troubles and suffering. Hashem will not change the general Teva for him. However, he'll eventually receive sechar for his tziddkus, or for his yissurim which he suffered without sin in the next world, which is spiritual and not given over to the system of this world and its mazal.
This concept is linked to Bildad's previous shita that the suffering of the tzaddik is through exchange, and that he is destined to receive sechar for his suffering. Now Bildad explains that this exchange is not because Hashem wants to afflict the tzaddik now in order to benefit him later. Rather, if the mazal of the tzaddik, and the nature of his life and birthplace ascribe suffering to him, Hashem will not change overall nature for him. However, He will pay him good in the future for the afflictions he suffered due to his bad mazal. This is similar to the plant which the gardener uproots from its place, and plants it elsewhere where it will grow and flourish. Hashem will uproot the tzaddik from this world, where he's destined for sorrow and want, and plant him in the spiritual world. There he'll derive satisfaction from the light of his soul, and will be like a watered garden which produces fruits.
Hashem will also not change nature for the rasha, if his mazal ascribes wealth and success. The rasha will receive his punishment in the everlasting world, and he'll receive increased punishment according to the value of the good he enjoyed.
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