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Minchas Chinuch: Yovel is Like Omer - Bais Din Counts...Without Temimos
The Mitzvah of counting the years until the Yovel is similar to the Mitzvah of counting the Omer. The Bais Din Ha'Gadol counts on Rosh Ha'Shahnah both the years and the Shemitin (seven year periods) the same way that we count the days and the weeks for the Sefiras ha'Omer.
Although it is a Mitzvah to count the Omer immediately at night and if you wait until the day you no longer may count with a Brachah, however that does not apply to counting the years of the Yovel. That is because the Pasuk says Temimos while regarding the Mitzvah of counting the years of the Yovel the Torah does not use the word Temimos. Therefore even though it is definitely a Mitzvah to count the years of the Yovel as soon as possible because of the concept ‘Zrizin Makdimin l'Mitzvos' it is not necessary to count immediately on the night of Rosh ha‘Shanah.
Even if the Bais Din does not count until the day of Rosh ha‘Shanah they may recite a Bracha upon counting the year of the Yovel (according to those opinion that a Bracha is recited by the Bais Din for this Mitzvah.). If the Bais Din fails to count on Rosh Ha‘Shanah they may count any time during the year. If the Bais Din misses counting one year they may count the rest of the years for the same reason that the Torah does not use the word Temimos regarding this Mitzvah.
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