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Parshas Behar

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Parshas Behar
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Revach L'Neshama

Shela HaKadosh and Rav Chaim Kanievsky Do We Fight With Our Brother or Do We Steal From Him

The Passuk in Parshas Behar mentions twice the issur of " Lo Soinoo" ("One shall not harass another Jew") The Shelah Hakodesh asks, why concerning the first Lav does the Torah say, " Lo Soinoo Ish Es Achiv " - one should not harrass his brother, but concerning the second Lav the Torah says, " Lo Soinoo Ish Es Amiso " - one should not harrass his friend"?

The Shela answers, the second Lav of "Lo Soinoo" is referring to verbal harrassment (as Rashi explains), since one does not typically harrass his brother verbally, therefore the Torah says , Ish Es Amiso - one should not harrass his friend . The First Lav, Rashi explains, is referring to cheating another Jew monetarily. Since it is common for one to cheat even his brother, therefore the Torah states by that Lav "Lo Soinoo Ish Es Achiv " - one should not harrass his brother!

Rav Chaim Kanievsky offers the opposite logic. When it comes to a brother it is impposible to refrain from verbally fighting with him. Therefore the pasuk requires us only V'Ahavta "L'Rei'acha, you must love your friend. The obligation towards you brother is only not to hate him in your heart (Lo Sisna Es Achicha Bilvavecha). But when it comes to money you are equally responsible not to cheat your brother or your friend.

True Satisfaction

"The land will give its fruit and you will eat to satisfaction; and will dwell securely upon it. If you will say: What will we eat in the seventh year? -- behold! We will not sow and we will not gather our crop! I will ordain My blessing for you in the sixth year and it will yield a crop sufficient for the three years." [Vayikra 25: 19-21]. The Sforno infers that Hashem only promises to bestow the blessing on the land following the question "What will we eat?" This implies that when this question is not asked, the blessing is not forthcoming.

The Sforno comments that there are two types of Jews. The first kind of Jew is the Jew who knows that Shmitah and yovel are approaching. He knows that he will not be planting any seed for two whole years, but he doesn't ask any questions. He does not fret "What's going to be? How will we survive?" The Sforno says that for such a Jew, the supernatural large crop will not be provided on the year preceding Shmitah. Rather, a different type of miracle will occur -- he will not need more than is provided by the regular sixth year crop. He will be blessed that he will be satisfied with just a small quantity. Some people can live on $50,000 a year. Some people need $200,000 a year to live. The Sforno says that the Jew who is the real believer and who does not ask the question "How will we ever be able to manage?" will not need the bountiful crop. The crops will not miraculously triple, but he will manage financially. However, says the Sforno, the second type of Jew does not have that level of trust in Hashem. He is frightened by the idea that he will not be able to plant in the seventh year. A miracle will occur for him in the sixth year to calm his anxiety. His crop will triple. But the Bracha will not be on the level of the other person. This person will only receive blessing through toil; by harvesting 3 crops in 1 year.

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