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Vilna Gaon on Yonah: Part 6 - ...With The Satan Hot On His Trail
1:4 And Hashem hurled a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was thought to become broken.
And Hashem - (the extra word 'And') refers to He and His Beis Din (court of justice).
Hurled a great wind - This is the trait of justice (the Satan) which prosecutes before Him always and screams, "they have defiled My temple" (Yechezkel 23) (i.e. defiled the neshama which is holy). If a man is Heaven forbid, given over to the trait of justice, then Hashem hurls him (the Satan) on this world away from Him. Then he descends and takes the neshama. The Satan is called "Ruach", wind as it is written "a great wind, etc." It is called "great" because the klipa (impure forces) are large and all the tzadikim are called small, such as our forefather Yaakov, as written in Chulin (60). Likewise the holiness is called "small" as written in the Zohar on the verse in Shir HaShirim 1.
The sword of the angel of death is "Lilith" (kabalistically, female consort of Sama-el, the 'King Of The Demons'; together they are the evil counterparts of Adam and Chava. He is the tempting angel from whom the Yetzer Hara emanates. In several Ma'amarei Chazal, "Samael" is also the name of the Angel of Death, who entices a man and afterwards takes the neshama.
And she is the bitter drop which hangs on the sword from which he dies and on this Shlomo HaMelech wrote "For the lips of a strange woman drop honey, and her mouth is smoother than oil; But her end is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a two-edged sword" (Mishlei 5:3-4). A two-edged sword refers to this world and the next, in which she takes vengeance on him. Therefore "great" (wind), is written in feminine.
Into the sea - Refers to this world, which is compared to the sea, and the next world to dry land.
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